LaravelPHP

Laravel Cache Clearing Commands

By November 13, 2018 No Comments

In Laravel there are different caching mechanisms in place that you may need to flush from time to time.

Here’s a breakdown of each and what they do:

Application Caching

php artisan cache:clear

Re-optimize Class Loader

php artisan optimize

View Caching

php artisan view:clear

Config caching The laravel config spreads across dozens of files, and including every one of them for each request is a costly process. To combine all of your config files into one, use:

php artisan config:cache

Keep in mind that any changes to the config will not have any effect once you cache it. To refresh the config cache, run the above command again. In case you want to completely get rid of the config cache, run

php artisan config:clear

Routes caching Routing is also an expensive task in laravel. To cache the routes.php file run the below command:

php artisan route:cache

Mind that it doesn’t work with closures. In case you’re using closures this is a great chance to move them into a controller, as the artisan command will throw an exception when trying to compile routes that are bound to closures instead of proper controller methods. In the same as the config cache, any changes to routes.php will not have any effect anymore. To refresh the cache, run the above command everytime you do a change to the routes file. To completely get rid of the route cache, run the below command:

php artisan route:clear

Classmap optimization

It’s not uncommon for a medium-sized project to be spread across hundreds of PHP files. As good coding behaviours dictate us, everything has its own file. This, of course, does not come without drawbacks. Laravel has to include dozens of different files for each request, which is a costly thing to do.

Hence, a good optimization method is declaring which files are used for every request (this is, for example, all your service providers, middlewares and a few more) and combining them in only one file, which will be afterwards loaded for each request. This not different from combining all your javascript files into one, so the browser will have to make fewer requests to the server.

The additional compiles files (again: service providers, middlewares and so on) should be declared by you in config/compile.php, in the files key. Once you put there everything essential for every request made to your app, concatenate them in one file with:

php artisan optimize --force

Optimizing the composer autoload

This one is not only for laravel, but for any application that’s making use of composer.

I’ll explain first how the PSR-4 autoload works, and then I’ll show you what command you should run to optimize it. If you’re not interested in knowing how composer works, I recommend you jumping directly to the console command.

When you ask composer for the App\Controllers\AuthController class, it first searches for a direct association in the classmap. The classmap is an array with 1-to-1 associations of classes and files. Since, of course, you did not manually add the Login class and its associated file to the classmap, composer will move on and search in the namespaces. Because App is a PSR-4 namespace, which comes by default with Laravel and it’s associated to the app/ folder, composer will try converting the PSR-4 class name to a filename with basic string manipulation procedures. In the end, it guesses that App\Controllers\AuthController must be located in an AuthController.php file, which is in a Controllers/ folder that should luckily be in the namespace folder, which is app/.

All this hard work only to get that the App\Controllers\AuthController class exists in the app/Controllers/AuthController.php file. In order to have composer scanning your entire application and create direct 1-to-1 associations of classes and files, run the following command:

composer dumpautoload -o

Keep in mind that if you already ran php artisan optimize –force, you don’t have to run this one anymore. Since the optimize command already tells composer to create an optimized autoload.

Credit to this stackoverflow solution

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